Juvenile idiopathic arthritis in children under 16 is common chronic arthritis that can be severe for a child’s health. This may cause problems in growth, eye inflammation, and damage to joints. It is more common in girls and in most cases can be treated by reducing the symptoms.
What are the symptoms?
It is better if you know the symptoms so that you can immediately consult an orthopedic doctor in Mumbai, diagnose the exact problem, and start treatment. The symptoms of JIA includes-
- Pain- It causes the joint to pain mildly or severely and can cause walking difficulties mainly due to swelling or stiffness.
- Stiffness- The joints become stiff which again causes difficulties in walking and moving, especially after sleeping or a nap.
- Tiredness- A little movement can make the child tired if he’s suffering from JIA.
- Fever and rashes- A major symptom is a high fever that returns and rashes may appear on the trunk. These symptoms are more likely to become prominent during the evening.
- Limping- If you can’t see any symptoms but notice your child limping, consult a doctor immediately.
There is no definite answer to the question of why juvenile idiopathic arthritis occurs. Doctors call it an autoimmune disease. Due to a poor immune system, the symptoms like swelling or inflammation appear which further causes pain and stiffness.
In some cases, it can happen due to genetic characteristics and environmental factors. But the main reason for juvenile idiopathic arthritis in children remains a weak immune system.
What are the ways to treat JIA?
Thankfully, JIA can be treated with medication and therapies. In rare cases, surgery is suggested. However, the diagnosis process can be lengthy.
For suspected cases, the most common blood tests done are-
- C-reactive protein
- Rheumatoid factor
- Antinuclear antibody
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
- Cyclic citrullinated peptide
Unfortunately, these tests may not suffice in many cases to diagnose JIA. In such a situation, an X-ray or magnetic resonance would be required.
There are 3 types of treatments that can treat juvenile idiopathic arthritis. These are given below.
Most cases can be treated with medications to reduce the symptoms of pain, swelling, and improve the joint condition.
The common medications are-
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs- These are prescribed to relieve pain and lessen swelling.
- Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs – These are used when the nonsteroidal drugs show no effect. The dosage depends on the condition of the patient.
- Biologic agents- This is a newer medication helpful for lessening inflammation and joint damage.
- Corticosteroids- These are for short-term use to control the symptoms.
Therapies help to increase joint flexibility via massages and exercises. Therapists suggest several ways to naturally get rid of the JIA symptoms.
Surgeries are suggested only in severe cases when medications and therapies don’t suffice.
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