Patellofemoral Arthroplasty – Knee Cap Replacement in Mumbai

Knee cap replacement surgery in Mumbai also called Patellofemoral arthroplasty or Patellofemoral replacement which involves resurfacing of damaged bone or cartilage with metal or plastic component to reduce pain, improve knee function and put a stop to the further deterioration.

The word ‘Patellofemoral’ refers to the patella i.e. knee cap and the grove of the thighbone (femur) where this knee cap rests and hence the word ‘Patella-femoral’. Since only a damaged section of the knee is treated and resurfaced, kneecap replacement surgery is a partial knee replacement surgery. Though not as common as other knee surgeries, patellofemoral replacement surgeries are performed by knee surgeons in Mumbai and we get a lot of questions on the topic too. So in this blog here we are going to give your brief introduction to knee cap replacement surgery in Mumbai to improve your awareness. So, read on:

Who needs knee cap replacement surgery in Mumbai?

Patients with knee osteoarthritis who lose the cartilage under the knee caps and in the groove but have the cartilage near the femur and tibia intact with healthy ligaments and meniscus are candidates for knee cap replacement surgery.  Given the damage is limited to the kneecap, recovery is swift knee cap replacement surgery is considered as an alternative to total knee replacement.

Symptoms and Diagnosis:

Symptoms include pain in the front of the knee due to prolonged periods of sitting, stair climbing, or descending stairs or when rising from a seated position. In addition to these signs include all the general symptoms associates with knee osteoarthritis. Diagnosis is performed by a knee specialist or knee surgeon in Mumbai based on the patient’s history, physical examination and X-ray and MRI imaging studies.

How is knee cap surgery in Mumbai performed?

After making an incision in the front of the knee and inspecting the damaged cartilage, bone is prepared by removing the damaged portion of the cartilage and bone. The underside of the patella is resurfaced using a plastic patella and the groove in the femur is resurfaced by a metal femoral implant using a special cement that ensures a secure fit.

Recovery and post-operative care after surgery:

Surgery involves anaesthesia, general or spinal; but unlike Knee replacement, knee cap surgery involves a much smaller incision making recovery quick and swift for the patients. After the surgery, the patient will be closely monitored by a knee surgeon in Mumbai, until the anaesthesia wears off.

Pain is managed by pain medications, physiotherapy exercises that start after a week are recommended to regain strength and improve function. And the patient is recommended to use walking aid after the surgery for a few days. However, it must be noted that knee cap surgery is not a total knee replacement surgery. Though it can provide significant relief in the majority of cases, few patients may need further surgery down the road. For more information on knee cap surgery, its benefits, or possible risks and suitability, you can contact Orthopaedic surgeon and joint replacement specialist Dr Niraj Vora mail here:  mailto:nlv@drnirajvora.com