Knee replacement surgery is the surgical process of replacing the diseased knee joint with artificial material like plastic or metal. The surgery can either be partial or total knee replacement depending upon the condition of the patient. The patients who suffer from severe knee pain while walking or performing any activities due to knee injuries or age related knee cartilage degeneration usually complain the gnawing pain.
They experience knee stiffness and decreased mobility that can only be controlled by unsafe medicines or pain killers to some extent. But when the person is unable to resist from the pain, the orthopaedic surgeon will suggest or recommend to undergo knee replacement surgery to the patient.
There are certain important things you need to know before you go for a Knee Replacement:
- Total knee replacement surgery is not usually advised for younger patients as the average life span of the surgery is 10-15 years. In course of time, if it wears out sooner, they have to go for an additional surgery which is not advisable or recommended. It is more likely for younger patients to undergo partial knee replacement for the cartilage damage caused by diseases or injuries.
- The ideal patient for knee replacement surgery is above 60 years and with trust and hope that the patient will proactively be mobile and be positive towards the lifestyle he/she maintains. He/she should be not over weight and presume to carry the pain after the surgery and try to overcome the surgical pain from physical therapy without any discomfort.
- Knee replacement surgery is performed under general anaesthesia, in this procedure the surgeon makes a surgical excision using a scalpel or a laser that apparently bleeds less during and after the surgery. When the surgeon reaches the knee joint, he will remove the damaged or diseased knee joint and cartilage debris. He places metal or ceramic prosthesis in that joint area.
- After the surgery the patient has to follow the precautions suggested by surgeon, in diet, exercise, medication and other relative matters. The patients can resume to normal activities but not indulge in heavy weight lifting, jogging and skiing.
- The success rate of knee replacement surgeries is 95% and many patients have undergone successful surgeries.
- Choose the best surgeon who has extensive experience in performing knee replacement surgeries for perfect surgery procedure as the surgery have potential risks of blood clots, infection, adverse reaction to an anesthetic and more.