Sprain vs. Strain Causes Symptoms and Treatment

Strains and sprains are both categorized with soft damage to various parts of the body such as tendons, ligaments, and muscles. They are fairly common injuries but affect different parts of the body, treatments of strains and sprains can be often done at home.

What is a sprain?

A sprain is an overstretched, damaged, or torn ligament. A ligament is a connective tissue in our body that connects bones to other bones or cartilage throughout our body. Ligaments are generally located around joints in our bones as they are the area where bones interact with other bones.

Some commonly seen sprains happen in areas such as wrists, knees, and ankles. Knee sprains can often be very troubling and worse cases can be resolved by consulting a knee replacement surgeon.

What is a strain?

A strain is a damaged, torn, twisted, or overstretched tendon or muscle. Tendons can be described as cords of fibrous tissue present in our body that connects muscle to bones. General strains are seen in areas such as our back, legs, and feet.

Symptoms of a sprain:

Sudden movements or jerking around a joint usually results in a sprain, in context to the amount of damage the symptoms vary. Some of the symptoms of a sprain are as follows:

  • Swelling of the affected area
  • Pain while moving the particular part of your body
  • Bruising
  • Joint becoming unwilling to move freely
  • A popping feeling at the time of the injury
  • Inability to put weight on the joint or to use it normally.

Symptoms of a strain:

  • Bruising on the area of injury
  • Swelling and inflammation
  • Muscle weakness for extended periods
  • Muscles cramps or spasms
  • Inability to move the area freely or normally

Causes of sprains: 

Movements and injuries which cause a joint to move out of its normal range of movement commonly lead to sprains, such as:

  • Twisting or bending suddenly and sharply
  • Running or walking or uneven surfaces or surfaces with obstacles present.
  • Physical injuries from contact sports such as rugby and ice hockey.

Causes of strains:

Strains can occur suddenly and over a long period both, some of the reasons are:

  • Lifting of extremely heavy objects
  • Slipping or falling
  • Throwing or running.

Sprains and Strains Treatment: 

Treatment of both sprains and strains are generally the same for minor conditions, one needs to follow the RICE protocol. RICE stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation respectfully. Through this method, swelling is decreased and your condition starts to improve.

If the pain or swelling gets worse over time the individual needs to go see a doctor. One needs to be extra careful when injuries happen to your legs, consulting a knee specialist in Mumbai can help you overcome your acute or chronic condition.

Dr. Vora orthopedic surgeon is a gold medalist from the University of Mumbai and has led the path of innovation and remedy in the field of medicine for years. He can provide the patient with the finest knee replacement surgery in Mumbai. Utmost care is provided to patients with trauma who are in pain.