Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) Signs and Symptoms

Femoroacetabular Impingement is a medical condition where an extra bone growth along the bones that form the hip joint causes imperfect alignment. This irregular joint results in hips bones rubbing against each other causing friction that over time damages the joint while limiting the hip mobility and causing pain.

Many hip joint problems could cause hip mobility problems and pain. So how does one exactly identify Femoroacetabular Impingement? This blog answers your question. With the inputs from a hip replacement surgeon in Mumbai Dr Niraj Vora, we identify the common symptoms and signs of Femoroacetabular Impingement today. Read on:

Hip Joint & Causes of Femoroacetabular Impingement: 

The hip is the ball and socket joint formed by the acetabulum, the socket that is located in the pelvic cavity and the ball which is the upper end of the femur. The ball is lined by articular cartilage to help it glide smoothly over the socket which is also lined with cartilage called the labrum.

When an additional bone growth happens at the femur or acetabulum, the extra bone comes in between them the hip bones to cause friction. This friction over time can tear the labrum and result in cartilage breakdown leading to osteoarthritis. The type of impingement varies depending upon the area of bone overgrowth. There mainly three types of Femoroacetabular Impingement, which are as follows:

  1. Pincer FIA– Pincer FIA happens when the rim of the acetabulum extends and crushes the labrum.
  2. Cam FIA– Cam FIA is when the femoral head develops a bump that grinds the cartilage inside the acetabulum.
  3. Combined FIA– Pincer and Cam FIA together can happen in patients and it is classified as combined FIA.

The treatment or impingement include medications, physiotherapy, medications and surgery depending upon the type and severity of the condition.

Signs & Symptoms of Femoroacetabular Impingement:

The Femoroacetabular Impingement can result in a wide variety of symptoms depending upon the extent of impingement, age and other factors, says hip joint replacement surgeon in Mumbai Dr Niraj Vora. Some of the common symptoms of Femoroacetabular Impingement include:

  1. Pain or ache usually while walking or with prolonged sitting. The pain usually hovers around the groin and inner hip areas.
  2. Finding it difficult to put on the shoes and socks.
  3. Problem flexing hip beyond the right angle.
  4. Stiffness in the groin, hip and thigh.
  5. Inability to walk on incline surfaces, clicking sensation at the joint.
  6. Pain or ache at the sacroiliac joint, side of the hip or buttocks.

The above symptoms are common Femoroacetabular Impingement that is often experienced by the majority of the patients worldwide. Patients often tend to ignore these signs and symptoms which further aggravate and inflame the hip joint, even resulting in hip arthritis leading to hip replacement surgery in Mumbai.

If you are facing above hip problems, it is important to consult a hip specialist in Mumbai to check the possibility of Femoroacetabular Impingement and get treatment as possible to reduce the chances of surgery.