Swollen Knee Causes and Treatment

Swollen knees resulting from trauma or injury are understandable, but what if the knee swells without any clear or apparent reason? This is a common concern we encounter at our medical facility. Sudden knee swelling can trigger anxiety and nervousness until one discovers the cause.

So, what could be the reason for a swollen knee without injury? With the inputs from leading knee replacement surgeon in Mumbai, Dr Niraj Vora, let’s find out in this blog today.

Swollen Knee without the Injury – Does it happen?

“Yes, knee swelling can happen without any apparent injury or trauma to the knee,” says top knee surgeon in India, Dr. Niraj Vora. According to Dr. Vora, it can happen to all age groups of people but is more common among adults. The symptoms of non-injury related swollen knees also include pain, limited range of motion, warmth, and redness in the knee area.

Swollen Knee Without the Injury: What’s Causing the Swelling?

Sudden swelling of the knee does have inherent reasons, depending on the associated symptoms. According to knee surgeon in Mumbai, Dr Niraj Vora, some of the common causes for non-injury swollen knees include:

Overuse of the knee joint: Physical activities like running, jumping, and squatting put undue stress on the knee joint, and when these activities are pursued for extended periods, repetitive overuse of the knee joint can occur. In such cases, inflammation sets in and results in swelling of the knee, with or without redness and pain in the knee area.

Infection: Swelling, pain, and redness of the knee joint can also occur due to infection in the joint, called septic arthritis. According to knee replacement surgeon in Mumbai, Dr. Niraj Vora, and septic arthritis happens due to inflammation caused by microorganisms that enter the joint from injury, spread from other parts of the body, or knee implants.

Gout: Gout is another medical condition that can cause pain and swelling in the knee. It is caused by an accumulation of uric acid in the body, which gives rise to uric crystals that poke the joint, causing pain. Gout triggers pain, swelling of the knee, and also sets in fever.

Baker’s Cyst: Baker’s cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops behind the knee joint. This cyst happens due to the accumulation of fluid in the bursae, which is a small sac that cushions the knee joint. Baker’s cyst results in pain, redness, and swelling behind the knee and limits the range of motion. Injury to the knee, overuse of the knee joint, and arthritis are the causes of Baker’s Cyst.

Pseudo Gout: Pseudo Gout is another possible cause of swelling, redness, swelling, and pain in the knee joint. Also called calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPPD), Pseudo Gout happens due to the accumulation of calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals in the joint. Family history, certain medications, and even joint injury can trigger this painful knee condition.

Non-Injury Swollen Knee Treatments:

Because the swollen knee can be caused by any of the above conditions, treatment for non-injury swollen knee depends on the specific knee condition that is causing them.

The pain, swelling, and walking difficulty it causes—the sudden onset of these symptoms can trigger nervousness and anxiety in anyone. While injury may not cause this swelling, there is always a certain cause of the swelling of the knee, which can be adequately treated by an orthopaedic or knee surgeon in Mumbai.

So please take a breath, relax, and consult an orthopaedic surgeon for swift and prompt treatment. If you are in Mumbai, Dr Niraj Vora is the leading knee surgeon in Mumbai specializing in swollen knee treatment. You can contact him here.